- Summarise Anderson, Atholl, Binney, Judith and Harris, Aroha. ‘’Chapter 9: Wars and survival’’. Tangata whenua: An illustrated history. Bridget Williams Books, 2014. Print. (150 words).
Chapter 9 in Tangata Whenua, discusses the wars that commenced in New Zealand during 1860 to 1872 between the Crown and the settlers, as well as the survival after these wars had ended. The crown and the settlers were at war to distinguish British sovereignty as the British wanted to gain authority over New Zealand land. The first war began in Taranaki, and the British and Maori were at war over land ownership. During the Taranaki war, the politicians made it a rule that only Maori who resided on areas of land would be able to decide upon its alienation. Anyone else who did not officially reside on the land would have no say in the matter. (Anderson). Following the end of the Taranaki war, the Waikato war commenced. The Waikato war began after troops crossed the Mangatawhiri river to invade Maori. This move by the troops resulted in the start of a war because ‘’The Kingitanga leaders made it clear that if British troops crossed the Manatawhiri river – referred to by Maori as ‘cutting the land’s backbone’ – it would be an act of war’’. (Anderson 263). Overall, all Maori and British who were in New Zealand between 1860 and 1872 were affected by the wars in some way or another even if they weren’t physically involved in the fighting.
Anderson, Atholl, Judith Binney, and Aroha Harris. Tangata Whenua : An Illustrated History. n.p.: Wellington : Bridget Williams Books, 2014. Print.
2. Using Dick’s lecture and tutorial discussions to help you, explain how you think these events impacted on visual and material culture in Aotearoa/New Zealand. (50 words).
The wars and events that commenced following the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi impacted visual and material culture in New Zealand, for example, the nation’s flag design. There were design features in the New Zealand flag that were results of the war. For example, the Union Jack that features on the New Zealand flag specifically excludes Maori from the national imaging. These design features highlighted the controversy between the British and Maori.